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Ano Ang Paris Agreement on Climate Change

The Paris Agreement on climate change is a landmark agreement that was adopted by all member countries of the United Nations (UN) in December 2015. The primary aim of the agreement is to tackle global climate change by reducing greenhouse gas emissions and limiting global temperature rise to well below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels.

The Paris Agreement is a legally binding agreement that replaces the 1997 Kyoto Protocol, which was not ratified by the United States. Unlike the Kyoto Protocol, which only required developed countries to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions, the Paris Agreement requires all countries, developed and developing alike, to take action on climate change.

The Paris Agreement is built on the principle of “common but differentiated responsibilities.” This means that developed countries, which historically have been responsible for most of the greenhouse gas emissions, take the lead in reducing emissions and providing financial assistance to developing countries.

Under the Paris Agreement, each country is required to submit a national climate action plan, known as a Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC), outlining its targets and actions to address climate change. The NDCs are reviewed every five years to ensure that countries are making progress towards their targets.

The Paris Agreement also establishes a financial mechanism to support developing countries in their efforts to mitigate and adapt to the impacts of climate change. This includes a commitment by developed countries to provide $100 billion per year in climate finance by 2020, and to increase this amount in the future.

In addition to reducing greenhouse gas emissions, the Paris Agreement also recognizes the need to enhance the resilience of countries to the impacts of climate change. This includes measures to address loss and damage associated with climate change, such as sea level rise, drought, and extreme weather events.

In summary, the Paris Agreement on climate change is a historic and significant international agreement that aims to tackle global climate change by reducing greenhouse gas emissions and limiting global temperature rise. The agreement is built on the principle of “common but differentiated responsibilities” and requires all countries to take action on climate change. It also establishes a financial mechanism to support developing countries in their efforts to mitigate and adapt to the impacts of climate change.

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